Social Security Benefits: What’s Taxable, What’s Not
Do I have to pay income tax on my Social Security benefits? I just turned 62 and am seriously considering early retirement. What can you tell me?
Ready to Retire
When you start collecting your Social Security retirement benefits, a portion of it might be taxable depending on your total income level and marital status. Here’s what you should know.
Crunch Your Numbers
About one-third of people who get Social Security have to pay income taxes on their benefits. To figure out if your benefits will be taxable, you’ll need to add up all of your taxable income from pensions, wages, interest, dividends and other sources, plus any tax exempt interest you earned, such as interest on municipal bonds and one-half of your Social Security benefits. You’ll receive an SSA-1099 form in the mail each January reporting your Social Security benefits for the previous year.
To help you with the calculations, get a copy of IRS Publication 915 Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement Benefits, which provides detailed instructions and worksheets. You can download it at www.irs.gov/pub/irspdf/ p915.pdf. Worksheets can also be found in the IRS 1040, www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/i1040.pdf and 1040A, www.irs.gov/pub/irspdf/ i1040a.pdf instruction booklets. To receive any of these publications by mail, call the IRS at 1-800-829-3676 to order them.
Taxed or Not
After you do the math, Uncle Sam says that if you’re single and your total income from all of the listed sources is:
Less that $25,000, your Social Security will not be subject to federal income tax.
Between $25,000 and $34,000, up to 50 percent of your Social Security benefits will be taxed at your regular income-tax rate.
More than $34,000, up to 85 percent of your benefits will be taxed.
If you’re married and filing jointly and the total from all sources is:
Less that $32,000, your Social Security won’t be taxed.
Between $32,000 and $44,000, up to 50 percent of your Social Security benefits will be taxed.
More than $44,000, up to 85 percent of your benefits will be taxed.
If you’re married and file a separate return, you probably will pay taxes on your benefits.
How to File
If you find that part of your Social Security benefits will be taxable, you’ll need to file using Form 1040 or Form 1040A. You cannot use Form 1040EZ. You also need to know that if you do owe taxes, you’ll need to make quarterly estimated tax payments to the IRS or you can choose to have it automatically withheld from your benefits.
To have it withheld, you’ll need to complete IRS Form W-4V, Voluntary Withholding Request, www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/fw4v.pdf, and file it with your local Social Security office. You can choose to have seven percent, 10 percent, 15 percent or 25 percent of your total benefit payment withheld. If you subsequently decide you don’t want the taxes withheld, you can file another W- 4V to stop the withholding.
In addition to the federal government, 14 states—Colorado, Connecticut, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, Rhode Island, Utah, Vermont and West Virginia tax Social Security benefits to some extent, too. For details, check with your state tax agency or visit www.retirementliving.com and click on “Taxes by State.”
Savvy Tip: For more information on taxable Social Security benefits call the IRS help line at 1-800-829-1040, or visit an IRS Taxpayer Assistance Center, go to www.irs.gov/localcontacts where you can get face to face help.
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