2008-01-09 / Seniors

Continuing-Care Retirement Communities

Dear Savvy Senior,

Can you give me some information on the type of senior housing that offers all levels of care, from independent living to nursing home care? My husband and I are both in our 70s and are looking to downsize from our current home, but we want our next move to be our last.

One Move Mary

Dear Mary:

If you want your next move to be your final one, a continuing-care retirement community (CCRC) may be just what you're looking for- but they're not cheap. Here's what you should know.


Also known as life-care communities, CCRCs are different from other senior housing options because they offer a longterm contract that provides all levels of housing, services and care in one convenient location.

While CCRCs vary greatly in appearance and services, most offer apartment or one-story independent living, plus common rooms, dining hall, exercise facilities, transportation, housekeeping and various social and recreational activities. More importantly, they also offer onsite assisted living (help with bathing, dressing, eating, etc.) and skilled nursing care, so residents can be monitored and cared for if their health falters.

Expensive Option

CCRCs are a pricey proposition. Most communities require a hefty buy-in, or entrance fee, which can range anywhere from $10,000 to $500,000 or more. In addition, you also pay monthly service fees thereafter which will vary ($500 to more than $5,000) depending on the facility, services and the long-term care contract option you choose. (Note: Be sure to have your financial adviser or attorney review the contract.)

What To Know

With about 4,000 CCRCs in operation, how do you find the right fit? Because there are no federal regulations on how CCRCs must be run, you need to carefully research the communities you're considering. Here are some areas to investigate:

Fees. Find out how much of your entry fee is refundable--to you if you decide to move, or to your estate when you die. Inquire about contract specifics and costs. What kinds of services are included and what costs extra? What kind of yearly cost increases can you expect? And if you have long-term care insurance, can it be used to pay for assisted living or nursing home care?

Management. Obtain a copy of the CCRC's financial history for review, and find out how long its operators have been in business. Also, see if they are accredited with the Continuing Care Accreditation Commission (see www.carf.org), which evaluates both the care and financial strength of the community. (Note: CCRC accreditation is voluntary, so many good communities may not be accredited.) Also, check with your state's long-term-care ombudsman at www.ltcombudsman.org. This site provides resources to help you research the assisted living and nursing care units within the CCRC.

Facility. Tour the CCRCs you're interested in and make sure they're capable of providing the services and care you expect at a price you can afford. While you're there, take note of the upkeep, cleanness and safety of the facility. Was it homey and inviting? Did the staff seem friendly and knowledgeable? Also, be sure to eat a meal in the dinning room, check out the various activities offered and spend some time visiting with the current residents.

Long-term care. It's long-term care services that set CCRCs apart from other retirement communities, so be sure you check out the assisted living and nursing home side when you tour the facilities. Again, check for cleanliness and note if the staff is responsive and kind to residents. Find out about staff screening and training procedures, what the staff turnover rate is and how many residents each staff member has to care for. Also, see if they are equipped to care for patients with Alzheimer's disease. And find out what happens if there is no assisted living or nursing home bed available when you need one.

Savvy Tips: To find a CCRC, contact the area agency on aging (call 800-677- 1116 to get the number) in the location you're interested in and ask for a listing and recommendations. Also, see www.ccrcdata.org, where you can order state or regional CCRC directories for $25. And for more information on how to choose a CCRC, visit www.carf.org, also see www.carepathways.com/checklistccrc. cfm.

Send your senior questions to: Savvy Senior, P.O. Box 5443, Norman, OK 73070, or visit www.savvysenior.org. Jim Miller is a contributor to "The NBC Today Show" and author of The Savvy Senior books.

The Gazette does not endorse the contents of The Savvy Senior. Check with professionals about the contents of this column.

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